Broch of Gurness (fotografie Eva Hopman).

On the Scottish island of Mainland in the Orkneys is a broch or settlement dating from the Iron Age. Known as the Broch of Gurness, it lies about 28 kilometres to the northwest of Kirkwall. Parts of the settlement have disappeared due to coastal erosion. Next to the site is a visitors’ centre where finds from the broch are displayed.

Broch of Gurness (photography Eva Hopman).

Broch of Gurness

This broch was built between 100 BC and the year 0. In view of its size a very important family must have lived here. In the middle of the settlement stands a tower with a diameter of 20 metres. Based on the foundation measurements, the tower must have been 12 metres high, but now only the lower part remains. Inside is an underground water reservoir and a hearth. Around the tower stood rectangular houses with hearths and rooms, partially linked to the tower. After 400 years the tower itself became a dwelling instead of a defensive structure.

Broch of Gurness (photography Eva Hopman).

Around the settlement lay ditches with higher areas between them. The entrance lay on the eastern side.

Broch of Gurness (photography Eva Hopman).

Occupation by Picts and Vikings

Between 500 and 700 AD Picts built houses on the broch and in the ninth century Vikings lived here. One remarkable feature is the grave of a rich woman which was found on the notrh eastern side of the broch.

Address

Broch of Gurness
Orkney KW17 2NH, United Kingdom

Source Wikipedia

Translation: Alun Harvey

Vorig artikelTaversöe Tuick Chambered Cairn in Orkney, Scotland
Volgend artikelMaes Howe (Orkney, Scotland)

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