By Wolfgang Sauber (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Hallein is a town on the Salzach river about 15km south of Salzburg. Its history can be traced back 4, 000 years and from 600 BC until the arrival of the Romans in 15 BC it was a Celtic community related to the Hallstatt and La Tène Cultures. This widespread culture developed and flourished throughout Europe during the late Iron Age. The Keltenmuseum (Celtic Museum) contains archaeological finds from that culture and also items relating to the history of the salt-mining industry which was of vital importance in the area (German Salz = salt). The museum building itself was formerly the head office for the salt industry.

Keltenmuseum
Keltenmuseum.

Salt – the white gold

The area around Salzburg and the Salzkammergut contains the largest deposits of salt in Central Europe. The mines at Hallstatt, Hallein-Durnnberg and Bad Reichenhall are close to each other. In Hallstatt mining for salt began in the late Bronze Age, reached its peak in the Iron Age, and ended suddenly around 400 BC, possibly following a natural disaster. Mining at Hallein-Durnnberg began in the Iron Age and ended around 100 BC, at which time mining probably moved to Reichensall. The evident success of the salt industry is reflected in the wealth of archaeological finds from the Celtic graves.

Hallein Keltenmuseum - Bergbau Hacken Rekonstruktion 2
Replicas of pick-axes used by the Celtic mine workers

Top finds: the richest graves

Iron Age graves were first discovered here in the 16th century, but in the 1960’s excavations began at Moserstein. These revealed extremely rich graves from both the Hallstatt and the La Tène periods. Subsequent excavations were carried out in Lettenbühel, Kranzbichl and Simonsbauerfeld.

Hallein Keltenmuseum - Streitwagen 1
Reconstruction of a horse wagon from Grave 44.
Hallein, Keltenmuseum, 07
Finds from the salt mines at Dürrnberg: swords and helmets.
Other artefacts on display in the museum such as pottery, flagons, filigree jewellery and everyday household objects testify to the prosperity of the people who owned them. Valuable items made of amber, gold, coral or glass are further evidence of the wide-ranging trade relationships.

Locatie

Keltenmuseum Hallein
Pflegerplatz 5
5400 Hallein
http://www.keltenmuseum.at/

 

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