Okeanos and his wife Tethys Source: Museum website

The Turkish city of Gaziantep is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The surrounding area has a rich archaeological history, and finds at Tell Dülük, 15 kilometres to the north, include stone tools from 30-40 thousand years ago. The nearby town of Zeugma was founded by Seleucus I Nicator in the early 3rd century BC and was named for the bridge of boats, or zeugma, which was used as a crossing point of the Euphrates river. 

The area was under Roman control and was of great importance because of its strategic location. Gaziantep became a Roman military and commercial centre and the city numbered up to 70,000 inhabitants. In 253 AD, the city was destroyed by the Sassanids but was later rebuilt.

Archaeological remains found at the site include the Roman Agora, the stadium, the theatre, two bathhouses and legionary and residential quarters.

Zeugma Mosaic Museum

Opened in 2011, the Zeugma Mosaic Museum is one of the largest mosaic museums in the world. Its collection includes 3,000 square meters of mosaic, 140 square meters of frescoes, 4 Roman fountains, 20 columns, 4 limestone statues, a bronze statue of the god Mars, sarcophagi and other architectural pieces belonging to the Roman and Eastern Roman periods.

Achilles mosaic in the Zeugma Mosaic Museum Source: Museum website
Okeanos and his wife Tethys Source: Museum website
Bronze statue of the god Mars Source: Museum website

Zeugma has been on the UNESCO World Heritage Site tentative list since 2012.

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeugma_(Commagene)

https://muze.gov.tr/muze-detay?SectionId=GZN01&DistId=GZN

Text     Alun Harvey

Vorig artikelNew prehistoric monument found at Antequera in Spain
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